Green Courses

134 Hesse Hall
University of California
Berkeley, CA 94720

from the 2003-2005 General Catalog updated as of  May 31, 2004

Technologies for Sustainable Societies -- Civil and Environmental Engineering (CIV ENG) 292A [1 units]
Course Format: One and one-half hours of seminar/discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.
Credit option: Course may be repeated for credit.
Grading option: Must be taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory basis.
Description: Exploration of selected important technologies that serve major societal needs, such as shelter, water, food, energy, and transportation, and waste management. How specific technologies or technological systems do or do not contribute to a move toward sustainability. Specific topics vary from year to year according to student and faculty interests.
(F) Horvath, Nazaroff

Civil Systems and the Environment -- Civil and Environmental Engineering (CIV ENG) 268E [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture per week.
Prerequisites: 166 or 167 or equivalent.
Description: Methods and tools for economic and environmental analysis of civil engineering systems. Focus on construction, transportation, and operation, and maintenance of the built infrastructure. Life-cycle planning, design, costing, financing, and environmental assessment. Industrial ecology, design for environment, pollution prevention, external costs. Models and software tools for life-cycle economic and environmental inventory, impact, and improvement analysis of civil engineering systems.
(SP) Horvath

Ethics and the Impact of Technology on Society -- Engineering (ENGIN) 124 [3 units]
Course Format: Two hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Upper division standing.
Formerly Letters and Science 124
Description: This course focuses on the changing nature of technology and the complex ethical issues that are emerging as a result. These new issues are arising in such areas as biotechnology, information technology, nanotechnology, and nuclear technology. The nature of these issues, their ethical, legal, and social ramifications, and what our society values in relation to these issues are discussed. Philosophy, religion, and the natural and social sciences will be explored in relation to these issues.
(SP) Hauser-Kastenberg, Kastenberg

Principles and Methods of Risk Analysis -- Nuclear Engineering (NUC ENG) 275 [4 units]
Course Format: Four hours of lecture per week.
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. Civil Engineering 193 and Industrial Engineering 166 recommended.
Description: Principles and methodological approaches for the quantification of technological risk and risk-based decision making.
Offered odd-numbered years. (F) Kastenberg

Sustainable Communities -- City and Regional Planning (CY PLAN) 254 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture/discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.
Description: This course examines and explores the concept of sustainable development at the community level. The course has three sections: (1) an introduction to the discourse on sustainable development; (2) an exploration of several leading attempts to incorporate sustainability principles into plans, planning, and urban design; (3) an examination of European attempts to establish metropolitan patterns and urban designs for a more sustainable "green urbanism."

Environmental Economics -- Environmental Economics and Policy (ENVECON) 101 [4 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Math 16A-16B, Environmental Economics and Policy 100, or Economics 100A or 101A.
Credit option: Students will receive no credit for 101 after taking Economics 125.
Description: Theories of externalities and public goods applied to pollution and environmental policy. Trade-off between production and environmental amenities. Assessing nonmarket value of environmental amenities. Remediation and clean-up policies. Environment and development. Biodiversity management.
(SP) Zilberman

Environmental and Resource Economics  --  Agricultural and Resource Economics  (A,RESEC) 261 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture per week.
Prerequisites: Ph.D.-level economic theory or consent of instructor.
Description: Theory of renewable and nonrenewable natural resource use, with applications to forests, fisheries, energy, and climate change. Resources, growth, and sustainability. Economic theory of environmental policy. Externality; the Coasian critique; tax incidence and anomalies; indirect taxes; the double dividend; environmental standards; environmental regulation; impact of uncertainty on taxes and standards; mechanism design; monitoring, penalties, and regulatory strategy; emissions markets.
(F) Fisher

Dynamic Methods in Environmental and Resource Economics -- Agricultural and Resource Economics (A,RESEC) 263 [3 units]
Course Format: Two hours of lecture and two hours of discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Ph.D-level economic theory or consent of instructor.
Description: This course studies methods of analysis and optimal control of dynamic systems, emphasizing applications in environmental and natural resource economics. Continuous time deterministic models are studied using phase plane analysis, the calculus of variations, the Maximum Principle, and dynamic programming. Numerical methods are applied to discrete time stochastic and deterministic dynamic models.
(F) Karp

Civil and Environmental Engineering Systems Analysis -- Civil And Environmental Engineering (CIV ENG) 152 [3 units]
Course Format: Two hours of lecture and three hours of computer laboratory per week.
Prerequisites: Engineering 77 and Statistics 25 or equivalents.
Description: This course is organized around five real-world large-scale CEE systems problems. The problems provide the motivation for the study of quantitative tools that are used for planning or managing these systems. The problems include design of a public transportation system for an urban area, resource allocation for the maintenance of a water supply system, development of repair and replacement policies for reinforced concrete bridge decks, traffic signal control for an arterial street, scheduling in a large-scale construction project.
(SP) Madanat, Sengupta

Environmental Policy, Administration, and Law -- Environmental Science, Policy And Management (ESPM) 60 [4 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.
Formerly 151
Description: Introduction to U.S. environmental policy process focuses on history and evolution of political institutions, importance of property, federal and state roles in decision making, and challenges of environmental policy. Emphasis is on use of science in decision making, choices between regulations and incentives, and role of bureaucracy in resource policy. Case studies on natural resource management, risk management, environmental regulation, and environmental justice.
(SP) Fairfax

Quantitative Methods for Ecological and Environmental Modeling -- Energy and Resources Group (ENE,RES) C205 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture per week.
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Description: This course will review the background mathematical and statistical tools necessary for students interested in pursuing ecological and environmental modeling. Topics include linear algebra; difference equation, ordinary differential equation, and partial differential equation models; stochastic processes; parameter estimation; and a number of statistical techniques. This course will be recommended as a prerequisite for advanced modeling courses in Integrative Biology, Energy and Resources Group, and Environmental Science, Policy, and Management. Also listed as Environ Sci, Policy, and Management C205 and Integrative Biology C205.
(F) Staff

Environmental Classics -- Energy and Resources Group (ENE,RES) 170 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of seminar per week.
Prerequisites: Upper division standing.
Description: Motivation: What is the history and evolution of environmental thinking and writing? How have certain "environmental classics" shaped the way in which we think about nature, society, and development? This course will use a selection of 20th-century books and papers that have had a major impact on academic and wider public thinking about the environment and development to probe these issues. The selection includes works and commentaries related to these works that have influenced environmental politics and policy in the U.S. as well as in the developing world. Through the classics and their critiques, reviews, and commentaries, the class will explore the evolution of thought on these transforming ideas.
(F,SP) Kammen, Ray

International Economic Development Policy -- Public Policy (PUB POL) C253 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture per week.
Prerequisites: Minimum one semester of graduate-level microeconomics and statistics or consent of instructor.
Description: This course emphasizes the development and application of policy solutions to developing-world problems related to poverty, macroeconomic policy, and environmental sustainability. Methods of statistical, economic, and policy analysis are applied to a series of case studies. The course is designed to develop practical professional skills for application in the international arena. Also listed as Agricultural and Resource Economics C253.
(F) De Janvry, Sadoulet, Zilberman

Transnational Environmental Politics and Movements -- Environmental Science, Policy and Management (ESPM) 259 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Upper division course in environmental policy or social science.
Description: Contemporary issues in international environmental politics; impacts of globalization on the environment; comparative transnational environmental movements. Study of current and historical texts. Case studies drawn from around the world with a focus on methods and research techniques.
(F) O'Neill

Planning for Sustainability -- City and Regional Planning (CY PLAN) 119 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture/discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Open to majors in all fields.
Description: This course examines how the concept of sustainable development applies to cities and urban regions and gives students insight into a variety of contemporary urban planning issues through the sustainability lens. The course combines lectures, discussions, student projects, and guest appearances by leading practitioners in Bay Area sustainability efforts. Ways to coordinate goals of environment, economy, and equity at different scales of planning are addressed, including the region, the city, the neighborhood, and the site.

 Sustainable Communities -- City and Regional Planning (CY PLAN) 254 [3 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture/discussion per week.
Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.
Description: This course examines and explores the concept of sustainable development at the community level. The course has three sections: (1) an introduction to the discourse on sustainable development; (2) an exploration of several leading attempts to incorporate sustainability principles into plans, planning, and urban design; (3) an examination of European attempts to establish metropolitan patterns and urban designs for a more sustainable "green urbanism."

Anthropology of the Environment -- Anthropology (ANTHRO) 148 [4 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture per week.
Prerequisites: 3 or consent of instructor.
Description: Surveys anthropological perspectives on the environment and examines differing cultural constructions of nature. Coverage includes theory, method, and case materials extending from third world agrarian contexts to urban North America. Topics may include cultural ecology, political ecology, cultural politics of nature, and environmental imaginaries.

American Environmental and Cultural History -- Environmental Science, Policy and Management (ESPM) C160 [4 units]
Course Format: Three hours of lecture and one and one-half hours of discussion per week.
Formerly 160AC
Description: History of the American environment and the ways in which different cultural groups have perceived, used, managed, and conserved it from colonial times to the present. Cultures include American Indians and European and African Americans. Natural resources development includes gathering-hunting-fishing; farming, mining, ranching, forestry, and urbanization. Changes in attitudes and behaviors toward nature and past and present conservation and environmental movements are also examined. Also listed as History C120.
(F) Merchant


Intro to Energy & Environmental Management (Arch 140)

Community & Economic Development (CRP 113B)

Introduction to Urban & Regional Transportation (CRP 114)

Environmental Planning & Regulation (CRP 251)

International Economics (Econ & ARE Econ 280B)

Economics of Resources & the Environment (EnvEcon 101)

Advanced Topics in Development and International Trade  (EnvEcon 152)

Economy of Water Resources (EnvEcon 162)

Issues and Concepts in Agricultural Economics (ARE 202)

Environmental Economics (ARE 262)

Interdisciplinary Problem Solving as a Profession (ER 292B) -- J. Koomey

Analysis of Environmental Data (ER C130) -- J. Kirchner

Database Systems for Engineering and Management (CE 169B) -- A. Horvath

Global Supply Chain Management (BA 296-1)

Environmental Planning and Regulations (CP 251)


Policy for Environmental Health in the US --  (PH 298, Section 14, CCN 76428) -- Tues/Thurs 2 - 3:30  at Haviland 214. (Last offered Spring 2002) -- Last offered Spring 2002 
This course introduces technical, legal, and political elements that contribute to environmental health policy in the US and how their interplay shapes policy decisions.  Particular attention is paid to the use of scientific arguments in policy venues. The core materials presented in the course cover major decision-making frameworks, including health-based and technology-based standard setting; market-based approaches and economic incentives; environmental justice; the international “free trade” framework; and the emerging paradigm of the precautionary principle.  The core material also introduces two technical methods often used in policy analysis - risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis. The course uses case studies to examine the factors that contribute to policy outcomes on specific questions.  The case studies for 2002 are: 
* Setting a Standard for Arsenic in Drinking Water:  Is the Battle about Health or Money?
* Hazardous Air Pollutants:  Assessing Cumulative Risks at the Community Level from a Perspective of Environmental Justice
* From the Block Group to the Globe:  Is there a Crisis in Energy Supply? Implications of Energy Policy for Air Quality and Health
* The Evolution of “Precautionary” Policies in the US and Europe
* The Effects of Terrorism on Public Health
Lecture segments and readings introduce the core material.  Readings incorporate the types of sources that are relevant to policy venues, including news coverage, advocacy pieces, and regulations and statutes, as well as scientific articles.  Class discussions, student presentations, and guest participants explore the interaction of scientific arguments and other factors in real policy venues. For additional information, contact Amy D. Kyle ( Sponsored by: UC Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program, Center for Occupational and Environmental Health. This course is open to graduate students from all departments.

Corporate Environmental Management --  Spring 2002 Syllabus -- Prof Chris Rosen  -- (Haas BA 278.4) 
This course will provide an overview of critical issues in environmental strategy and management for business. Environmental issues increasingly create opportunities and risks for companies. It is critical for business managers to understand environmental problems, how to manage them effectively, and how to generate value from the environmental program within their firm. This course will cover historical compliance concerns, management systems, key topics in product and service design, and current trends in the international debate on sustainability. Understanding these issues will enable a manager to reduce environmental impacts while creating sustainable long-term competitive advantage for the firm. These strategies and tools derive from current trends in strategic planning, product life-cycle analysis, industrial ecology, natural system economics, product and service design, and the Natural Step. Web tools, dialogue systems and economic perspectives will also be offered. Finally, the class will explore the management of current ethical concerns driven by environmental strategy and indirect firm requirements.  In addition, guest speakers will also share their experiences in manufacturing, environmental management and legal disciplines. 

Current Issues in Environmental Policy and Management -- Spring 2002 Syllabus -- Prof David Vogel -- (Haas BA 296.12, Goldman PP 290–1 & PP 190-1) -- Last offered Spring 2002 
This class approaches contemporary national, regional, and international environmental policy and management issues from both the public and private sector perspectives. While the cases and readings primarily focus on environmental issues in the US and EU, we will also cover international environmental treaties, global sustainability, trade and environment (NAFTA, WTO), and corporate environmental practices and environmental issues in developing countries. Readings will primarily consist of contemporary sources as well as public policy and business management cases. Taught as a seminar, students are expected to come to class prepared to critically engage the assigned materials, the instructor and each other. Students are required to write one brief paper (3 – 5 pages) which critically evaluates a contemporary book on environmental policy or management and a longer research (10-15 page) paper which should focus on an issue of environmental management an/or policy. Group projects for the research report are encouraged and oral reports will be made during the last class two sessions. There will be no final.

Corporate Responsibility in the Global Economy -- Spring 2002 Syllabus -- Prof David Vogel -- (BA278.2, 2 credits) -- Last offered Spring 2002 
The growth of economic globalization poses a number of unique challenges to managers. Among them is increased public scrutiny of the impact of international trade and investment on working conditions, environmental practices and human rights, especially in the developing world. The purpose of this class is to critically examine how corporations are and should be responding to these challenges. For what should corporations be held responsible? How should they respond to fair and unfair criticisms from non-government organizations? How can companies learn to anticipate and better manage challenges to their social and environmental performance? More broadly, what are the sources of increased political opposition to “globalization” and the role of the World Trade Organization and how should companies respond to domestic political opposition to trade liberalization and the expansion of foreign investment? The class will also explore the related topic of crisis management, domestically as well as internationally. The topics covered in this class will address many of the most important recent controversies surrounding the social and environmental performance of firms in the gobal economy. Cases include Shell in Nigeria, Levi-Strauss and Global Sourcing (human rights) Ashland Oil, Shell and Brent Spar (crisis management), Nike (international labor practices,) Monsanto and GMOs, Beef Hormones (consumer and environmental protection and the WTO) Coneco, (global environmental responsibility), Responsible Care (industry self-regulation). The focus of this class is international in scope with a particular emphasis on developments in corporate responsibility on the part of firms based in the United States and Europe.

Civil Systems and the Environment -- Spring 2002 Syllabus -- Course website -- Prof Arpad Horvath --  (CE 268E) -- Last offered Spring 2002 
This environmental management course applies various environmental and economic analysis methods and tools to products, processes and services. Topics include: life-cycle environmental and economic assessment (LCA), industrial ecology, design for environment, pollution prevention, external cost valuation. Models and software tools for life-cycle economic and environmental inventory, impact, and improvement analysis. Case studies, field trips. All majors welcome.

Corporate Social Responsibility -- Spring 2002 Syllabus -- A student-organized course, overseen by Prof Frances Van Loo -- (Haas BA 294.1, 1 credit)  -- Last offered Spring 2002 
How can corporations meet the triple bottom line (social, environmental, and economic)? This class will explore current challenges and opportunities facing for-profit companies in areas of corporate responsibility. Through discussions with guest speakers each week, we will examine and critically evaluate contemporary trends in corporate responsibility with respect to environmental protection, community development and employee welfare. We will hear from leaders of companies seeking to integrate social and financial goals in their core operations about how they balance social objectives with responsibility to shareholders and how they communicate a message of corporate social responsibility. 

Sustainability and the Built Environment -- Fall 2001 Annoucement -- Course website -- (CE 298-009) 1 unit -- Last offered in Fall 2001
In the United States, 1/3 of end-use energy and 2/3 of electricity are consumed in 80+ million buildings. Huge direct and indirect environmental consequences are associated with the ways we design, build, operate, maintain and ultimately dispose of buildings. Progress toward a sustainable future cannot ignore the importance of the built environment. This seminar aims to foster a wide-ranging and intellectually substantial exploration of sustainability as it relates to the built environment. “Sustainability” implies a concern for social justice in the present, for generational equity, and for the value of environmental services. The “built environment” is intended to span a range of scales from functional units within buildings to entire urban areas. The seminar will meet once per week for 80 minutes. Each meeting will feature presentations from one or two participants on selected topics, plus associated discussion. Conveners: Bill Nazaroff, Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Arpad Horvath, Assistant Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Ashok Gadgil, Senior Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. For more information contact Bill Nazaroff (, 2-1040)

Courses related to development include:

  • Development Economics (Econ 171) Alain de Janvry, Fall

  • Development Economics (Econ 271) Sadoulet/de Janvry/Ligon,  Fall

  • History & Theory of Development (Geog 214) Gillian Hart, Spring

  • Graduate Seminar (varies) (Geog 252), Michael Watts,  Spring

  • Theory & Practice of Development (CRP 271), A. Roy, Fall

  • Indigenous people & development (ESPM), Claudia Carr, Spring

Industrial Ecology (ER 290-4)
Industrial ecology, which uses the analogy of ecosystem behavior as a model for sustainable material and energy use practices, is one approach for minimizing the impact of industrial activity on the environment and for developing a vision of industrial activity which is compatible with sustainable development. This course is designed to provide students with an in-depth exploration of industrial ecology and related concepts such as Design for Environment, Green Manufacturing, Sustainable Product Design, Pollution Prevention, and Eco-Efficiency. We will read selected papers that make major arguments and/or present examples of applications in the field of industrial ecology. Our discussions will focus on how each concept is framed, will critique the underlying assumptions, and explore how each concept is or might be implemented. We will consider how research and application in each area might be designed and review the progress in both research and real-world application of the concepts.  The class consists of a combination of lectures, presentations by guest speakers and seminars led by teams of students. Students will also prepare and present a research paper based on the analysis of a specific concept, or case study.

Climatic Change -- Geography (GEOG) 147 -- Last offered in Fall 2001
Course Format: Three hours of lecture per week. Description: Fluctuations in climate during the period of instrumental record and their societal impacts. The role of air-sea interactions, volcanic eruptions, solar variability, human activities, etc., in regional and hemispheric climate anomalies.

Ecological Economics (ERG ER290-8) -- Last offered Fall 2000
ER 290-8, Ecological Economics, is a first time, experimental course in ecological economics. It is co-taught by Dick Norgaard, a Chicago trained economist with 30 years experience working with biological scientists, and Neo Martinez, an ecological theorist interested in the development of patterns of thinking in the history of ecology. They are assisted by graduate students Astrid Scholz and Paul Baer. The course will stress similarities and differences in ecological and economic models and, in some cases, how they coevolved together even though the "worldviews" of ecologists and economists are very different. Prerequisites: one course in ecology or economics. 

Managing Business Ethics in the Global Economy (Haas BA 207A; 1 credit) 
This course provides students with an opportunity to analyze critically and discuss a wide range of ethical issues that confront individual managers and corporations in the US and other countries. Its objectives are to make students more sensitive to the ethical dimensions of both domestic and global business activity and to provide them with a framework for making management decisions in a more responsible manner.

Management in the Public and Not-for-Profit Sectors (Haas BA 215) 
This course emphasizes planning-programming-budgeting systems and benefit-cost analysis for resource allocation and planning in the public sector; use of pricing in public enterprise; and efficiency when profit criteria are absent, with applications in natural resources, medical services, transportation, and education. 

Renewable Energy (ER 120)
This course explores the diverse aspects and issues surrounding the development, implementation, economics, policy issues, and local and global impacts of renewable energy. The course develops and examines a highly interdisciplinary set of scientific, engineering, economic, policy, and social science aspects of energy systems. The course advocates clean and efficient energy futures, while at the same time providing a frank analysis of the opportunities, issues, and obstacles for greatly expanded use of renewable energy systems. The project components -- laboratory, practical, policy, and analytic exercises -- will be used to build expertise in many aspects of energy analysis, management, use, and impact.

Social, Political, and International Environment of Business (Haas Undergraduate)

Global Environments (GEOG 1)
The global pattern of climate, landforms, vegetation, and soils. The relative importance of natural and human-induced change, global warming, forest clearance, accelerated soil erosion, glacial/post-glacial climate change and its consequences.

Globalization (GEOG  20) 
How and why are geographical patterns of employment, production and consumption unstable in the contemporary world? What are the consequences of NAFTA, an expanded European Community and post-colonial migration flows? How is global restructuring culturally reworked locally and nationally?

Global Ecology and Development (GEOG 35)
Problems of Third World poverty and development have come to be seen as inseparable from environmental health and sustainability. The course explores the global and interconnected character of environment and development in the less developed world. Drawing on case studies of the environmental problems of the newly industrializing states, food problems, and environmental security in Africa, and the global consequences of tropical deforestation in Amazonia and carbon dioxide emissions in China, this course explores how growth and stagnation are linked to problems of environmental sustainability.

Global Environmental Change (An overview of the interactive processes that result in the mosaic of environments on the earth and the controls on the distribution of ecosystems. Environmental change is explored on a variety of time and spatial scales so as to enhance our capability to distinguished between natural and human-induced climatic, biotic and physical changes.

History of Development and Underdevelopment (GEOG C112/ Development Studies C100)
Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week. Historical review of the development of world economic systems and the impact of these developments on less advanced countries. Course objective is to provide a background against which to understand and assess theoretical interpretations of development and underdevelopment.  

Natural Resources and Population (GEOG 130) 
Are there enough energy, water, mineral and land resources for the world's population? The role of natural resources in the world economy, national development and human welfare focusing on the Third World. The origins of scarcity and abundance, population growth and migration, hunger and poverty.

Nature and Culture: Social Theory, Social Practice and the Environment (GEOG 203) 
The relationship between human societies and natural environments lies at the heart of geographic inquiry and has gained urgency as the rate and scale of human transformations of nature have grown, often outstripping our understanding of causes and effects. The physical side of environmental science has received most of the emphasis in university research, but the social basis of environmental change must be studied, as well. Recent developments in social theory have much to offer environmental studies, while the latter has, in turn, exploded many formerly safe assumptions about how and what the social sciences and humanities ought to be preoccupied with. This seminar allows students to explore some classics in environmental thought as well as recent contributions that put the field on the forefront of social knowledge today.

Development Theories and Practices (GEOG C214/City and Regional Planning 203) 
This course examines how concepts and theories of "development" have been produced, maintained, used, and challenged in different regions of the world economy. It will offer a framework for analyzing how changing and contending models of development both reflect and shape social processes and practices.

Advances in Environmental Change Studies (GEOG 243) 
This course will consist of review and discussion of recently-published advances in environmental change research, with an emphasis on important advances that are either: (1) concerned with spatial phenomena, whether at a watershed scale or planetary scale and/or (2) integrative in nature (meaning they tie together disparate elements to form a coherent view of the operation of earth systems).

Ecological and Social Dimensions of Global Change (GEOG C244/Energy and Resources 291/ Integrative Biology 272/ IDS 272) 
This seminar will explore the possible social and ecological impacts of global change, focusing on ecological and economic tradeoffs associated with the following human responses to global change: adaptation, prevention, and no response. Emphasis is placed on developing predictive models of how the Earth System (including humans) will respond to global change.

Quantitative Aspects of Global Environmental Problems (ER 102)

Population, Environment and Development Theory, Practice, and Debate (EEP 152/ESPM 198)
This course will take a multidisciplinary look at the complex and contentious relationships between population, the environment and economic development. Two hundred years after Thomas Malthus wrote his famous treatise on population, the debate continues. Does population growth spell environmental disaster? How should it be controlled? What are the implications for economic growth, well-being, and social justice? Critical global issues such as environmental degradation, restrictive family planning policies, international migration, and food security are all
implicated in these persistent and often explosive debates. During the semester, this course will examine the leading theories for understanding the interactions between population growth, environmental quality and economic development, as well as case studies and policy questions from around the world. Among the issues covered will be debates over the earth’s carrying capacity, demographic transitions in the Third World, relationships between fertility levels, gender equality and development, national immigration policies, poverty and resource degradation, food security, and the role of technological change and social institutions. 

© 2004 University of California, Berkeley